It’s fairly well-known that chilly climate has a adverse impact on the lithium-ion batteries in electrical autos just like the Ford F-150 Lightning. In a press release, Ford says, “Temperatures beneath 40°F trigger the electrolyte fluid to turn out to be sluggish, limiting how a lot energy is on the market to discharge and the way shortly the automobile’s battery can cost. As F-150 Lightning prospects throughout the US and Canada start their first winter with their new electrical pickup, Ford needs to assist make them conscious that in low temperatures they may see a major discount in vary, which is regular.”
For you combustion engine aficionados on the market, wipe that smug look off your faces. Chilly climate reduces fuel mileage considerably for you as effectively. In most components of the nation, gasoline is mixed with lighter aromatics to enhance chilly climate beginning, however these winter blends additionally decrease gasoline economic system by about 10%. As well as, digital injection techniques are programmed to extend the ratio of gasoline to air in chilly climate for smoother operating engines. All in all, most drivers discover a discount in fuel mileage of between 10 and 20% in winter.
Ford provides 8 tricks to decrease the impact of chilly climate on the efficiency of its F-150 Lightning pickup vehicles.
- 1. Park your F-150 Lightning in a storage at any time when potential.
- 2. Maintain your F-150 Lightning plugged in when parked.
- 3. If planning an extended commute, precondition your automobile utilizing departure occasions to heat the battery whereas plugged-in by utilizing the FordPass app or your vehicles middle display.
- 4. If geared up, use the heated seats and steering wheel as major warmth to cut back power consumed by HVAC.
- 5. When charging, flip off the heater if potential, or decrease the temperature sufficient to stay comfy. (Particularly when utilizing DCFC)
- 6. In case your F-150 Lightning is roofed with snow, brush all of the snow off earlier than driving to remove additional weight and drag.
- 7. Maintain driving speeds reasonable in chilly temperature as excessive speeds use extra power.
- 8. Guarantee your tires are on the correct stress.
There’s nothing scary in that record, simply sensible recommendation that can turn out to be standard operating procedure for all EV drivers within the very close to future.
The principal suggestions are to maintain your automobile plugged in in order that electrical energy from your private home charger is used to warmth the passenger compartment and the battery pack earlier than you begin driving. Many individuals who drive diesel-powered vehicles and vehicles do a lot the identical factor by retaining their engine heaters plugged in in a single day when it’s chilly exterior. Diesel gasoline actually don’t just like the chilly, which is why some lengthy haul drivers favor to maintain their engines idling quite than shutting them off when parked in chilly climate.
The opposite pertinent recommendation is to utilize seat and steering wheel heaters at any time when potential quite than counting on cabin heaters which devour loads of battery energy. As a Nissan LEAF veteran who as soon as lived in frosty New England, I can attest that this tactic works fairly effectively till the thermometer drops beneath 20º F or so.
Ford notes that it has examined the F-150 Lightning extensively each in temperatures as little as -40ºF and as excessive as 140ºF, so it is aware of a factor or two about working electrical autos in excessive temperatures. The very best a part of its 8 suggestions is that they apply equally to all EVs, so even in the event you don’t have an F-150 Lightning in your driveway, you possibly can apply Ford’s recommendation to your individual electrical automotive expertise.
Recognize CleanTechnica’s originality and cleantech information protection? Think about changing into a CleanTechnica Member, Supporter, Technician, or Ambassador — or a patron on Patreon.
Have a tip for CleanTechnica, need to promote, or need to recommend a visitor for our CleanTech Speak podcast? Contact us here.